Short Communication
Published On: January 26, 2018

Electric Biochemistry of Sphingomyelin

Aizawa H*
Sphingomyelin is a major phospholipid in myelin sheaths, which play a pivotal role in saltatory,conduction of myelinated axons [1]. Sphingomyelin consists of phosphorylcholine or phosphoryl ethanol amine and ceramide [2] to form lipid bilayer of cell membrane [3]. Under the physiological condition at neutral pH, choline is a positive residue, which associates with an anion such as a chloride ion Phosphate forms diester bonds with...

Mini Review
Published On: January 26, 2018

Possible Existence of a Salivary Gland-Oral Mucosa/Gingiva Axis Under Challenges by Endotoxins

Hosoi K1*, Javkhlan P2 and Yao C1
In the submandibular salivary gland (SMG), endotoxins have been shown to induce inflammation cytokines and inflammatory proteins such as interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor–α,(TNF-α), and calprotectin. Among them, the salivary gland inflammatory protein, calprotectin, is localized in the cytoplasm of the gland cells upon challenges made by endotoxins, and is not secreted into saliva, suggesting its protective...

Short Communication
Published On: February 27, 2018

On the Structure of Beta-Sheet

Aizawa H*
Polypeptides forms three types of two-dimensional structures, that is, alpha-helix, parallel betasheet, and anti-parallel beta-sheet. An alpha-helix, which is a special type of parallel beta-sheet structures, consists of a single polypeptide with a minimum repetitive unit of twist. It is well known that an amide bond forms a planar structure by structural resonance...

Research Article
Published On: March 9, 2018

Ecdysone Receptor Binds the Promoter of the CPR28 Gene and Regulates its Expression

Md. Saheb Ali* and Birendra Mishra
We tried to clarify the mechanism that regulates the CPR28 expression in the feeding stage. CPR28 expression was high when ecdysteroid in the hemolymph was low and decreased when it started to be secreted in the hemolymph....

Research Article
Published On: March 15, 2018

In Vitro Screening of Introgressed Brassica Genotype against Callus Induction Ability under Salt Tress Condition

Mst. Rowshanara, Sultana N*, Md Rahman A, Rahman L and Nasiruddin KM
The experiment was conducted at the Biotechnology Laboratory at the Department of Biotechnology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh, during the period from January to May 2007 with the objectives of in-vitro screening of thirty Brassica genotypes of Bangladesh...

Short Communication
Published On: March 29, 2018

Dynamin, Emerging Therapeutic Targets for Alzheimer’s Disease

Kim K*
Dynamin family proteins are large GTPases implicated in the fission of emerging buds from the parent membrane. Studies showed that mutations in dynamin genes are associated with human diseases, such as centronuclear myopathy, Charcot-Marie-tooth disease, and Alzheimer disease. In the present review,...

Published On: March 30, 2018

Neuronal Cell Death or Survival in Hypoxia

Vavilis T* and Kritis A
Hypoxia, which is defined as shortage in an organ’s oxygen supply, is a putatively lethal stressor for cells with high energy demands such as neurons and glial cells comprising the neural tissue. Over the years there has been rigorous and extensive research in respect to...

Research Article
Published On: April 6, 2018

Evaluation of Different Protein Extraction Protocol for Analysis on Two-Dimensional Electrophoresis from Roots of Eggplant

Gandhi A, Kapadia C*, Vasava D and Jajda H
We had used three widely used protocols viz., Trichloroacetic acid; TCA/Acetone, Acetone, and Phenol Extraction Followed by Methanolic Ammonium Acetate Precipitation in order to optimize protein extraction and precipitation from eggplant roots. The two-dimensional...

Research Article
Published On: April 30, 2018

Absolute Quantification of Tissue Specific Expression of Glucose Transporters in Chickens

Byers MS, Bohannon-Stewart A, Khwatenge CN, Alqureish E, Alhathlol AA, Nahashon S and Wang X*
The avian glucose transporter (GLUT) family of proteins displays distinct functional patterns compared to mammalian GLUTs. How avian GLUT family members are distributed in different...

Research Article
Published On: April 30, 2018

Role of Superoxide Dismutase and Peroxidase Isozymes in Pigeonpea during Wilt Disease

Rakesh M. Swami, Mahesh Kumar Mahatma* and Lalit Mahatma
Superoxide dismutase (SOD) and peroxidase (POX) are important antioxidant enzymes which scavenge superoxide ion and hydrogen peroxide, respectively....