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Volume - 4 Edition - 1

Letter to Editor
Published On: February 1, 2021

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for a Suitable Activity of Reticular System in Athletes with Low or High Level of Arousal

Aliyari N* and Gharibzadeh S
Dear Sir/Madam, The Ascending Reticular Activating System (ARAS) has been considered as a main neural structure for consciousness [1]. The ARAS is a complicated network that connects a portion of the brainstem Reticular Formation (RF) with nonspecific thalamic nuclei, the basal forebrain, hypothalamus, and the cerebral cortex [1]. It has been shown that the relationship between...

Review Article
Published On: February 23, 2021

Approach of Rehabilitation on Giggle Incontinence in Children

Sara A*, Bernardo M, Margarida R, Raquel A, Patrícia C, Diogo MC and Rosa A
Giggle incontinence is a syndrome characterised by complete involuntary urination which occurs with laughter. This is considered to be a rare situation, of unknown aetiology, whose incidence may be underestimated. We present two clinical cases, one of a 6-year-oldchild and the other of a 12 year-old girl, referred to a paediatric psychiatric appointment since they presented abundant involuntary urination with laughter...

Case Report
Published On: February 24, 2021

Suprascapular Nerve Continuous Radiofrequency Ablation in Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain – A Case Report of a New Therapeutical Approach?

Silva J*, Costa R, Carneiro I, Lopes T and Carvalho J
Introduction: Hemiplegic Shoulder Pain (HSP) is the most common pain condition after stroke, imposing functional limitations and decreasing the quality of life. Among the different therapeutical strategies, radiofrequency has gained interest in the treatment of chronic shoulder pain, with results favoring its safety and efficacy....

Review Article
Published On: February 26, 2021

Obstetric Lesion of the Brachial Plexus: The Fundamental Role of Rehabilitation

Sara A*, Bernardo M, Margarida R, Rosa A and Lurdes P
Obstetric paralysis is defined as an injury to the brachial plexus at birth. The injury is caused by the stretching of the nerve trunks or root avulsion. Risk factors may be related to childbirth, the mother or the fetus. It is currently the most common form of peripheral neuropathy in pediatrics. Diagnosis is essential for clinical examination. Auxiliary diagnostic tests are important for the location and extent of lesions, helping to clarify cases with surgical indication....