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Volume - 2

Letter to Editor

Spatial Navigation: The Role of Gender Stereotypes

Izadi M* and Gharibzade SH
Keywords Gender stereotypes; Spatial navigation Letter to Editor Many studies have explored the relationship between spatial navigation and variables like age, sex, hormones and stress [1,2]. It has been shown that women in either America or Hungary on the one hand experience more anxiety in route-finding and on the other hand declare less feeling safe...

Letter to Editor

Does Type of Sport Alter Sleep Quality?

Abolghasemi MM* and Gharibzadeh S
Dear Editor, Sleep is one of the most accessible enhancer for both mental and physical functions. Well Total Sleep Time (TST) will improve cognitive functions such as decision making and learning. In the field of sport, athlete’s performances in reaction times, accuracy and body strength will be negatively affected by sleep deprivation [1]. There are evidences that athletes compared with control, experience better sleep quality, shorter Sleep Onset Latency (SOL) and fewer Wake after...

Mini Review

Human Brain Ideas for Eco-Innovation

Gharibzadeh Sh and Ghaemi N*
Innovation is an important and fundamental principle for the development and even survival of organizations in today's world. The innovation process however, should consider the compatibility of innovations of new products with the environment, while optimizing the resources used, and reducing the potential damage to the environment. Such innovation process is eco-friendly and can increase the quality of life. One approach to achieve this is by applying the biomimicry and using nature's solutions to create eco-friendly products...

Original Article

Development and Validation of a New Lucid Dreaming Questionnaire

Mohebbian M, Balali R and Gharibzade S*
Lucid dreaming is a phenomenon that is defined by awareness while dreaming and usually occurs in a REM-sleep. It has certain characteristics that distinguish it from non-lucid dreaming. Understanding these characteristics would help researchers to study the neural basis of consciousness. In this paper, we developed a questionnaire to identify the prominent features and calculate the degree of lucidity of a dream. This questionnaire consists of 17 main questions that examine the characteristics of a...

Research Article

Comparing the Effectiveness of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS), Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on Students' Test Anxiety

Nikpour G*, Krgozar A and Gharibzadeh S
This study was carried out aimed to compare the effectiveness of transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) and Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) on elementary and secondary school students' test-anxiety in Baladeh. This study was a semi-experimental research with control group pretest-posttest design. In this study, statistical population included all the male and female elementary and secondary school students for academic year 2019-2020 in Baladeh (N=200),...