Can SARS-Cov-2 Invade the Brain Through An Ocular Route?

Machado C* and DeFina PA
Marinho et al., published the first-ever report using optical coherence tomography to evaluate the retina in Covid-19 patients [1]. In Hubei province a total of 12 of 38 patients had ocular manifestations. SARS-CoV have been found in tears of patients even without conjunctivitis [2]. Coronavirus (CoVs) infection requires Angiotensin Converting Enzyme-2 (ACE2) receptor, followed by its priming by host cell transmembrane protease, serine 2 (TMPRSS2) [3,4]....

Review Article

Covid-19: Anosmia and Ageusia Might be Initial or Unique Symptoms

Machado C* and DeFina PA
SARS-CoV-2 (CoV-2) is a coronavirus which is causing the actual COVID-19 pandemic. The disease caused by 2019 new coronavirus (2019-nCoV) was named coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization in February 2020. Primary non-specific reported symptoms of 2019-nCoV infection at the prodromal phase are malaise, fever, and dry cough. The most commonly...

Letter to Editor

Can Ophthalmologists Diagnose Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?

Kouchakzadeh A and Gharibzadeh S*
Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS) is the current name for a disorder characterized by debilitating fatigue and several associated physical, constitutional, and neuropsychological complaints. Fatigue, difficult concentration, and sleep problems are the main neuropsychological symptoms reported by CFS patients. Anxiety and depression are seen as psychological causing factors for CFS. A current study shows that the average prevalence of CFS is more than 1% [1]....

Review Article

Diagnosis of Post Stroke Fatigue in Patients with Mild Stroke and Related Cognitive Therapies

Sangtarash N*, Sangtarash N and Mohammadimousavi M
A person with mild stroke may experience various mental, behavioral and physical symptoms. Some symptoms may disappear quickly and some of them may exist for a longer time. These symptoms have many direct and indirect effects on a person's life in this review article, we intend to examine these symptoms and care measures for these patients. Keywords: Cognitive rehabilitation; Coping strategies; Mild stroke; Post stroke fatigue; Quality of life...

Letter to Editor

Spatial Navigation: The Role of Gender Stereotypes

Izadi M* and Gharibzade SH
Keywords Gender stereotypes; Spatial navigation Letter to Editor Many studies have explored the relationship between spatial navigation and variables like age, sex, hormones and stress [1,2]. It has been shown that women in either America or Hungary on the one hand experience more anxiety in route-finding and on the other hand declare less feeling safe...

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