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Review Article
Published On: January 26, 2018

From Powder to Power: Ukrainian Way

Vasylyev OD1*, Brodnikovskyi YM1, Brychevskyi MM1, Polishko IO1, Ivanchenko SE2 and Vereshchak VG3
The paper is a short surwey of the R&D activity of Laboratory for Ceramic Fuel Cells at Frantcevych Institute for Problems of Materials Science, Ukraine, on their way from cubic zirconia powder development to creation and elaboration of Ceramic (Solid Oxide) Fuel Cells. Such the research topics, which are important for the further development of Ceramic Fuel Cells, like 1Ce10ScSZ zirconia powders, formation...

Research Article
Published On: January 26, 2018

Development of Robust Tri-Bore Hollow Fiber Membranes for the Control of Dissolved Oxygen in Water

Mao L, Wang F and Su J*
Tri-bore hollow fiber (HF) membranes with a triangular outer geometry were fabricated from polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) and explored for water deoxygenation. The representative membranes were hydrophobic and porous as seen from the contact angle of 94o and the porosity of 75%. The maximum load, elongation at break and the tensile stress of the tri-bore HF membranes were 3.90 N, 37.81% and 1.27 MPa...

Research Article
Published On: January 26, 2018

Influence of Carbonization Process on the Structures, Morphologies and Electrical Performances of Ag-C Nanofibers Membranes

Xia Y*, Sun S*, Meng L, Zhao Z, Zhu X, Xiao Z and Tu Y
Ag-C nanofibers membranes were fabricated using electrospinning method by combing with preoxidation and carbonization processes, the structures, morphologies and electrical performances,were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and four probe instrument. And the influence of carbonization process with different carbonized temperatures on the structures, morphologies and...

Review Article
Published On: January 26, 2018

Overview on Transparent Conducting Oxides and State of the Art of Low-cost Doped ZnO Systems

Jayathilake DSY* and Nirmal Peiris TA
Transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) have become an integral part of modern life through their essential role in touch screen technology. The growing demand for cheap and superior transparent conducting layers, primarily driven by the smart phone market, has led to renewed efforts to develop novel TCOs. Currently, the most widely used material for transparent conducting applications is Sn-doped indium oxide(ITO)...

Mini Review
Published On: March 13, 2018

New Strategies and Attempts to Improve Glass Ionomer Dental Cements

Alexandre Cestari*
Glass ionomer dental cements are widely used in dentistry due to the high adhesion to the teeth, low contraction during the setting reaction, continuous release of fluoride ions and biocompatibility. The cements are made of an inorganic polymeric oxide mixed with a mixture of organic acids, i.e.,...

Review Article
Published On: April 16, 2018

Microwave Assisted Technology for Transparent Conducting Oxides Synthesis

Jayathilake DSY* and Peiris TAN*
Transparent conducting oxides are essential component in large number of modern devices. Coprecipitation, sol-gel synthesis, hydrothermal and solvothermal methods are the common methods use to synthesize transparent conducting oxide (TCO) materials...

Review Article
Published On: April 30, 2018

A Review of Biochar Derived from Pyrolysis and Its Application in Biofuel Production

Zhu L, Lei H*, Zhang Y, Zhang X, Bu Q, Wei Y, Wang L, Yadavalli G and Villota E
Increasing energy demand, environmental pollution, and soaring CO2 emissions necessitate the exploitation of renewable sources of energy. Lignocellulosic biomass is a naturally abundant resource that can be considered...

Research Article
Published On: April 30, 2018

Synthesis of Ferric Citrate Complexes as Potential Draw Solutes for Forward Osmosis

Li H and Su J*
In this study, ferric citrate complexes (Fe-Cit) have been successfully synthesized from citric acid monohydrate (C6H8O7·H2O) and Iron (III) nitrate nonahydrate (Fe(NO3)3·9H2O) in the basic solution at pH~8....

Review Article
Published On: April 30, 2018

The Latest Development on Membrane Materials and Processes for Post-combustion CO2 Capture: A Review

Xuezhong He*
Gas separation membranes for CO2 capture becomes steadily more attractive due to its high energy efficiency, relatively low cost and low environmental impact. Different types of membrane materials such as common polymers,...